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Acne Understanding

Acne is a skin problem that is characterized by the appearance of spots on some parts of the body, like the face, neck, back, and chest. These spots can range from mild, such as comedones and blackheads black and white, up spots and severe pus-filled cysts. Usually the spots are quite severe it will leave a scar.

Besides characterized by symptoms such as oily skin and the appearance of spots, sometimes acne also causes the skin feels hot and painful to the touch. There are some parts of the body usually covered with acne and the most common is the face. Acne is a common condition, which means that most people have experienced.

Most cases of acne occurs in people who are under 28 years old. Especially for teenagers, they are very prone to acne at the age of 14-19 years.

Although acne may disappear by itself with the growth of age, but in the majority of cases, there is still experiencing acne problems in the mid 20s. Women aged 20 years five times more likely to have it than men aged 20 years.

The Factors That Cause Acne

Acne can appear at any age, but changes in hormone levels during puberty is often associated with causes. The hormonal changes affect the oil or sebum-producing gland that is located close to the hair follicles in the skin.

Increased activity of this gland causes the production of sebum on the face also increases. So the sebum stacks could be joined with dirt and dead skin cells, then clog the pores.


At the time of clogged pores and with the number of sebum on the skin surface, called Propionobacterium acnes bacteria growing quickly. This bacterium is the bacteria that causes acne. Propionobacterium acnes releases a kind of irritants which will irritate the skin. Effects of irritation that causes redness and swelling, as it also cause pus under the skin.

Lining the hair follicle also thickened due to changes in hormone levels and lead to clogging of skin pores. These clogged pores will not be lost, even if the skin has been cleaned.

In addition during puberty, acne can also be experienced by women due to hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Acne is also known as hereditary factors. Most likely someone will have acne breakouts if both parents as well.

Up to now there is no evidence that acne is caused by sexual activity, food or poor hygiene.

Diagnosis of Acne

Doctors usually able to diagnose acne sufferers just by looking at the skin directly. Through the examination, the doctor can determine the type of acne that is growing as well as measuring the level of severity (level of inflammation and the number of acne). Once the diagnosis is done, then the treatment plan can be made.

Appropriate Action is Done if You Have Acne

It is important to maintain cleanliness in the area of ​​skin with acne, although it will not prevent the emergence of new pimples. Rinse the area twice a day with a cleanser or facial soap. To avoid irritation, do not rub the skin too hard.
Now most of the products have gone through the testing phase moisturizer that does not cause blackheads or pimples. Use moisturizer if your skin is dry and avoid using beauty products that can clog the pores of the skin.

Although acne is not curable, but can still be controlled through medication. Drugs gel, moisturizer, and cream is now widely available in pharmacies. If you have acne, it is better to consult a doctor, especially if the use of drugs that are sold freely on the market does not work or even actually cause side effects such as:
  • Swelling of the face, eyes, lips, or tongue.
  • Sore throat and shortness of breath.
  • Fainting.
Generally, doctors recommend the use of products containing low concentrations of benzoyl peroxide. But be careful in using it as the industry, the concentrate is also used as a laundry bleach.

You may need antibiotics or creams that are stronger if your acne is quite severe and occurs in several parts of the body, such as the chest and back. Remember that the use of such drugs must go through a doctor's prescription.

Complications of Acne

Ask your doctor if the growth of acne worse. If severe acne is not treated immediately, it is feared could lead to complications in the form of scars. In addition, it is advisable to see your doctor if the drug used is not able to control the growth of acne that makes you insecure and depressed.
Treatment of acne requires patience. Not advisable to squeeze pimples because it will leave a permanent scar. Usually the optimal treatment will show results within three months.


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